Kingdom of Bhutan remained hidden from the world until recently when it was opened to the outside visitors in the year 1974. For many years it had remained a mystical land and had been called by different names such as the last Shangri-La (hidden paradise), lho menjong (the country of medicinal herbs), monyul (dark land) and many others. The first recorded Europeans to visit Bhutan were Portuguese Jesuits Estevao cacella and Joao Cabral in the year 1627. They were missionary in search for the hidden paradise (Garden of Eden).
With the onset of monarchy in the year 1907 Bhutan has radically developed and with the introduction of democracy in the country it has brought more modernization. The impossible terrain which made isolated pockets of village un-accessible once has been over powered consequently improving the lifestyle of its people. Bhutan fearing the dilution of culture and tradition that modernization brought has always monitored the flow of visitors thus retaining its true self and passing it from one generation to next virtually unchanged over many lifetimes.
Today many aspects of Bhutan have seen modernization but the true essence of its cultural integrity has remained same. The game of bow and arrow once made of bamboo has seen up gradation with sophisticated technology and materials, but the way it is played is same as that of as it was. Our national dress Gho and Kira which were homemade once has now seen growth in production and choice with the help of machineries. With time it has adopted foreign culture and meshed with ours. Yet it protected its nature and to this date remains one of the carbon negative country. Bhutan with the changing time has evolved into its own unique self and as a result making it a true destination that needs to be explored.